Short history of Krakow - the most famous city of Poland.
Referred to as little Rome, and in 19th century as the Slavic Rome, Krakow has kept its unique character as a European
artistic complex connecting tradition with modernism. Krakow was once Poland’s national capital, and Wawel Hill with
was the former residence of Polish kings. It has always been a city of history and art, as well as an
ambassador of Polish culture. In the Middle Ages, the city was described as an important political, economic, and
trade center. It is still considered by many to be the spiritual heart of Poland because of its history of more than
a thousand years. The Old Town
has many significant monuments, churches, theatres and houses. There is also a variety
of architecture - Renaissance, Baroque, and Gothic. The city is lucky to not have been severely damaged during World
War II and left many cultural objects and buildings untouched.
Krakow is also a major center of education and has the oldest university in Poland which was established in the
14th century (Jagiellonian University
). This is where Polish kings, poets, writers, and politicians studied. The two
most famous students were Nicolas Copernicus and John Paul II.
One of the most spectacular sites of Krakow is the Main Square
, the largest of all of Europe's medieval cities.
You can find the oldest shopping mall in Poland - Sukiennice (Cloth Hall)
dated back to 13th century that is still
used for commerce. Krakow's main church, St. Mary's Church
is a monument of glory and fame for the city. The Barbican
together with the Florian Gate
are part of the city’s fortification complex which were once the Porta Gloriae, through
which kings and foreign deputies rode into Krakow.
Krakow has over 50 museums and art galleries, 50 convents and monasteries, over 30 theatres, and 120 churches which
makes this city a leading centre of culture.
Krakow has two Nobel Prize winners in literature: - Wislawa Szymborska and Czeslaw Milosz.
Krakow's clubs, pubs, cafes and restaurants are open day and night. Also many events and festivals take place here
creating a vibrant atmosphere.